Getting rid of waste is one of a home’s perennial problems. Food waste is one prominent and unavoidable problem, but it can be addressed in an effective manner with the use of Bokashi. Bokashi compost is created from kitchen waste, which can include dairy and meats. This compost is in turn used to create the Bokashi balls, which are used to clear out domestic waterways. The method of using Bokashi was developed by Dr. Teuro Higa, a professor at the University of Ryukyus in Okinawa, Japan in the early 80’s. Since then, it has been applied to farms across the world, including Sambali Beach Farm.

Bokashi is also one of the techniques the farm uses in its organic processes. Simply put, Bokashi balls are used to remove domestic septic waste from waterways and restore the natural ecology of the water using the application of microbes. There are various ways to make Bokashi balls, but the one employed in Sambali Beach Farm is simple and its materials only require the byproducts of the farm.

Below is a short instructional on making Bokashi balls. The farm also offers on-site training in small communities, as well as private training on the farm grounds (minimum of 10 pax). Packaged Bokashi from the farm is available for purchase, to allow you to make it with kitchen waste from your home. E-mail trainings@sambalibeachfarm.com for inquiries.

Ingredients:

Effective Microorganisms

Molasses

Water

Mud

Bokashi Mix (Copra Meal, Biochar, Rice Bran)

Procedure:

1. Place all the ingredients in a large container.

2. Mix and incorporate the ingredients thoroughly.

3. After the ingredients are incorporated well, form the mixture into palm-sized balls.

4. Store the balls in a cool, dry place for 14 days.

5. After two weeks, an ample amount of mold will form, and the balls are ready to be placed into the body of water.

BOKASHI FEED

Another function of Bokashi, aside from being used to help clean up waterways, it is also used in making livestock feed. Strange as that may seem, making Bokashi feed for livestock has a laundry list of benefits: it eliminates bad odors around the livestock pens and reduces the incidence of flies and other undesirable insect pests, significantly improves the overall health of the animals by reducing the incidence of diarrhea, and the requirements of regular medication, antibiotics, and disinfectants. The application of Bokashi in livestock feed also helps improve the digestibility of the animals, reduces the production of methane gas in the animals’ intestines, which in turn improves the feeding habit of the livestock.

Here is a short instructional on making the Bokashi feed. You may make them in batches of 10lbs (4.5kg) or 50lbs (23kg), depending on the required amount for your livestock.

Ingredients:

For a 10lb mix:

5kg rice bran

2kg Biochar

2kg copra meal

4tbsp EM Serum

4tbsp molasses

10-12 cups of non-chlorinated water

For a 50lb mix:

23kg rice bran

8kg Biochar

8kg copra meal

3/4 cup EM Serum

3-4 gallons of non-chlorinated water

Procedure:

1. Add molasses to water and mix well.

2. Add the EM Serum.

3. Place the wheat or rice bran together with the Biochar and copra meal in a mixing container, or a surface to mix on if making a large amount.

4. Add the liquid slowly while mixing vigorously, until all the liquid is added and all the bran material is dampened.

5. Once the Bokashi mix is ready, take a 5 gallon bucket and line it with 2 trash bags. Scoop the Bokashi mix inside in layers, compacting and squeezing the air out of the bran mix. Air will create the wrong bacterial culture and if you see black, green, or gray mold, throw the mix away — white is good as it is yeast. Tie off the bags and place an air-tight lid on the bucket.

6. Store the mixture and ferment for 14 days.

7. Open the fermented mix. It should smell like sweet apple cider. Sun-dry the mixture on concrete or on a tarp under the sun. The drying time may vary depending on the location and time of year.

8. Place the mixture in a container for your Bokashi composting needs, flush down the toilet to clear septic tanks, and feed to livestock to better their digestion.